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Janu Basti (Ayurvedic treatment for knee joint)

Among all the remedies available for acute or chronic knee pain, Janu Vasti (Janu Basti) is the most popular Ayurvedic therapy. It gives a magical relief from the pain and stiffness associated with knee pain. In many cases Janu Vasti provides a long standing relief. Ayurveda offers the best time tested remedies for knee pain related to osteoarthritis and other related painful conditions.

There are many bony joints which make up the anatomy of the leg. Knee joint is the most important joint in the human body. The easy movements of knee joints make our locomotion easy. We walk on our feet. Our foot is made up of many small bones. It is difficult for the foot to carry our body weight and still function smoothly. Knee joint acts as a filter and filters most of our body weight before it is transferred to the feet. This means to tell that the knee joints are under constant stress as they participate in all our activities throughout the day.

Knee pain is one of the common health issues. There are many conditions which produce knee pain and stiffness. Knee pain, immaterial of its periodicity disturbs our day to day activities and makes us crippled. Knee pain is often associated with stiffness, swelling, burning sensation, click sounds and limitation of movements. Degeneration, inflammation and injury are the most common causes of knee pain.

Osteoarthritis is a common disorder affecting the knee joints. This is a degenerative disease of the joint and many people find it difficult to manage their day to day activities when they suffer from this condition.

When Janu Vasti is combined with effective treatments like Abhyanga (massage with herbal oils), Patra Pinda Sweda (leaf bolus fomentation) and Vasti (medicated enemas) etc and disease modifying drugs and compounds, it provides a very good relief in many painful knee conditions like Osteoarthritis etc.

What is Janu Vasti (Janu Basti)?

The term has 2 terms :

  • Janu – means Knee joint
  • Basti – means to hold (compartment which holds)

Thus Janu Vasti means a treatment in which medicated oils are poured and pooled for a fixed duration of time in a compartment or a cabin constructed around the knee joint / joints using wet flour of black gram.

In simple words, Janu Vasti is pain relieving oil-pooling treatment conducted for knee pain caused due to many causes

In which conditions is Janu Vasti beneficial?

Jaanu Vasti is highly beneficial in the below said conditions –

Most common causes (reasons) for knee pain –

Osteoarthritis of knee joint

It is the most common form of arthritis in the knee joint. It is a degenerative wear and tear type of arthritis. It occurs most often in people 50 years of age and older. It may occur in younger people also. In this disease, the cartilage in the knee joint gradually wears away. This leads to pain, stiffness, swelling and disturbance of movements along with click sounds when the joint is mobilised.

Iliotibial band syndrome

The ilio-tibial band is a band of rough tissue that runs from your hip down to the outer part of your knee. If it is irritated by overuse or other problems, it becomes inflamed and cause pain on the outer side of the knee.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

This disease causes a painful bump below the knee, where a tendon from the knee-cap connects to the shin. It is usually caused by overuse and irritation at the tendon insertion known as the tibial tubercle. The pain may come and go over time. It is common in teenage boys and girls (ages 13 and 14)

Patello-femoral pain syndrome (Chondromalacia patellae)

This often results from issues associated with muscle imbalance, tightness and alignment of the legs, rather than an injury. Pain is present between the patella and the underlying thighbone (femur). It is common in athletes, young adults especially those who have a slight misalignment of kneecap. In older adults develop this condition due to arthritis of kneecap.

Loose bodies in the knee joint – Sometimes a knee injury can break loose cartilage. These pieces can get stuck in the joint, causing it to freeze and producing pain and swelling.

Runner’s knee –It refers to a number of overuse injuries involving pain around the kneecap (patella), such as Patello-femoral pain syndrome.

Knee injuries:

ACL (Anterior cruciate ligament) injury – An ACL injury is the tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament – one of the 4 ligaments that connect your shinbone to your thigh bone. An ACL injury is common in people playing basketball, soccer or other sports that require sudden changes in direction.

Torn Meniscus – The meniscus is formed of tough rubbery cartilage and acts as a shock absorber between your shinbone and thighbone. It can be torn if the knee is suddenly twisted while bearing weight on it.

Knee Bursitis – Bursa is a small sac of fluid that is located below the skin overlying your joints. The bursa overlying the knee cap (patella) gets irritated due to overuse, fall or repeated bending and kneeling. This will lead to pain and swelling. This is called prepatellar bursitis. It is also called as Housemaid’s knee or Preacher’s knee since they are often caused by repetitive kneeling.

Patellar tendonitis – This results from inflammation of the tendons surrounding your knee. Tendons are tough bands of tissue that connect muscles to your bones. Overuse can make the tendons inflamed and sore. The most common type of patellar tendonitis is called jumpers knee. Runners, skiers, cyclists and those involved in jumping sports and activities are prone to develop inflammation in the patellar tendon which connects the quadriceps muscle on the front of the thigh to the shinbone.

Old (chronic) knee injury which was not properly treated

Sprained ligaments

Cartilage tears